(KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles


10 thoughts on “(KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles

  1. says: read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard Miles Richard Miles Ë 8 summary free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization

    (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles From our view point of history we can see that Carthage would be destroyedTo the people of that time no one was knew which city would rule the Mediterranean Carthage or Rome The sacred chickens drinkIn 249 BC the Roman consul Publius Claudius Pulcher–a man variously described as being mentally unstable an arrogant snob and a drunk–deci

  2. says: (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles

    (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles Richard Miles Ë 8 summary Until the publication of this excellent book the preeminent text about Carthage was the 1995 volume Carthage A History by the French historian Serge Lancel This an outstanding contribution to the patchy knowledge we have of Carthage has just

  3. says: free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles

    free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization Richard Miles Ë 8 summary (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles A history of Carthage Insofar as it can be reconstructedNot only were there no Carthaginian histories to survive there is the interesting history of the Greek and Roman histories where the best source may be reconstructed from the uotations taken from another work which also did not survive but drew heavily on the original source There is also some archaeological evidence Carthaginian inscriptions give brief accounts and other information

  4. says: (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles Richard Miles Ë 8 summary read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard Miles

    (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles Richard Miles Ë 8 summary free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization Carthage has always been a background character in my personal narrative of history I vaguely knew it had been there for a few hundred years when its wars with Rome started I loved the story of Cato's Delenda est speeches

  5. says: free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard Miles

    free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard Miles Finished reading Carthage Must Be Destroyed by Richard MilesWhenever I read a history of a fallen empire I am always sad at the end Read a history of the fall of the Roman Empire last year and I kept rooting for the Romans to pull it together They didn’t I felt very sad reading about the fall of Carthage So unnecessaryBut I did learn a lotCarthage was a colony of Tyre a Phoenician island city off the coast of Lebano

  6. says: free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles

    free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization Richard Miles Ë 8 summary read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard Miles The title refers to a famous uote of Cato the Elder a Roman statesman about the threat to Rome from Carthage The book is

  7. says: read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard Miles (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles

    read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard Miles (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles Richard Miles Ë 8 summary The author is a great scholar and very knowledgeable about his subject The book jacket indicates that he has even led archaeological digs in North Africa Perhaps that is part of the problem What I mean is that maybe those with a great love for archaeology should not write books like this one The title promises grand sweeping scope and the

  8. says: free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles

    read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard Miles Richard Miles Ë 8 summary free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization highly recommend Miles’ book for his reconstruction of Carthage’s history while trying to minimize the Romans' filter For one example of this filter even our terminology for the civilization and culture Punic comes with its own baggage since Romans used the term in a pejorative and disparaging context Miles

  9. says: read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard Miles (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles Richard Miles Ë 8 summary

    read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard Miles (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles Richard Miles Ë 8 summary There's usually a strict segmentation between an archaeologist writing about artifact digs and a revisionist historian reviewing antiue histories written by the winners The few writers who have tried to synthesize such styles Peter Wells' 'Barbarians to Angels' for example often succeed only in part because they favor one method over another Miles gets the balance right by being appropriately skeptical of the

  10. says: free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard Miles

    free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization (KINDLE) Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization by Richard Miles The exchange of luxury goods was at the heart of Bronze Age diplomacy between c3300 BCE and c1200 BCE In order to engage in high level diplomacy the powers of the Near East reuired access to the relevant materials and while some were obtained locally many could only come from a distance The merchants making this possible a

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free download Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization

summary Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF This book is the first full scale history of Carthage in decades The devastating struggle to the death between the Carthaginians and the Romans was one of the defining dramas of the ancient world In an epic series of land and sea battles both sides came close to victory. A history of Carthage Insofar as it can be reconstructedNot only were there no Carthaginian histories to survive there is the interesting history of the Greek and Roman histories where the best source may be reconstructed from the uotations taken from another work which also did not survive but drew heavily on the original source There is also some archaeological evidence Carthaginian inscriptions give brief accounts and other information can be pieced together The optimistic claim of early archaeologists that the claims of sacrificing children were false was too optimistic Considerably evidence for it has turned up include inscriptions that carefully state that the child offered was actually the offspring of the person sacrificing the childThis gets discussed across its history covering its wars its colonies its government insofar as it can be discerned its religion and its interactions with Rome and with other forces allied with one or the other or shifting between The period of the Punic Wars gets covered most thoroughly of course because of the most records including the peaces between with the Mercenaries WarIt covers the campaigns the battles with discussion enough of strategy to show how they were won and the side effectsEverything from the details such as the Carthaginians first coined money to pay off mercenaries in Sicily to the intense efforts of both sides in the Punic War to claim religious sanction and the other side s impiety Hercules was of particular importance and the road he took driving Geryon s cattle was fraught with significance A general whose first act on appointment was to try to counteract the frantic superstitious practice of unauthorized sacrifices and divination by consulting the Sibylline books I found the treatment of RomanGreekCarthaginian syncretism particularly interesting because of my interests in the area it s very well done

read å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ë Richard MilesCarthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization

summary Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF To its apotheosis as the greatest seapower in the Mediterranean And at the heart of the history of Carthage lies the extraordinary figure of Hannibal the scourge of Rome and one of the greatest military leaders but a man who also unwittingly led his people to catastrophe. highly recommend Miles book for his reconstruction of Carthage s history while trying to minimize the Romans filter For one example of this filter even our terminology for the civilization and culture Punic comes with its own baggage since Romans used the term in a pejorative and disparaging context Miles spends time on the background and history of Phoenicia showing how the expansion to Carthage and other areas in the west were motivated by survival rather than greed or glory The view toward the Phoenicians by the Greeks seems to have been a mixed bag There is evidence of Phoenician and Greek cooperation in trade and settlements as the goals of the two states were complementary in some areas Yet as some lines in the Iliad and the Odyssey show there seem to be negative attitudes toward the Phoenicians maybe as a result of the commercial rivalry or in differing views on colonial expansion In later writings Aristotle praised Carthage s government as excellent while Plato presented Carthage as a well ordered state Carthage s aims were constantly misrepresented by those that felt threatened by their expansion With the rise to power of the tyrant Agathocles in Syracuse in the 320s BC Once the totally erroneous but seductive idea that the Sicilian wars conflicts between Carthage and Greek backed Syracuse were a western extension of the age old struggle between the civilization of Greece and the dark forces of the barbarian East would have renewed capital The resulting war with Agathocles even though ultimately successful would highlight at least two structural problems for Carthage which would return to haunt them during the Punic Wars with Rome The first problem was their reliance on mercenary armies and their unreliability The second problem developed as these armies would become mostly independent institutions outside the control of Carthage s government Carthage and Rome had been on the same side during one of many Sicilian skirmishes but Carthage misplayed its role and Rome established a secure base in Syracuse From here although neither side seemed to desire war both sides continued expansionist policies that guaranteed conflict Or as Miles puts it In fact the main antagonists of the First Punic War drifted into the conflict less for reasons of grand strategy and for the lack of political will to prevent it Miles does a good job of following the Punic Wars providing enough detail about the conflicts for the reader to follow without getting bogged down in minutiae At the same time he shows how Carthage s and Rome s political actions fit into an central arc that guaranteed continuing war Also of importance he lays out how the different government structures meant very differing approaches to war One example of the differences Rome with its generalsconsuls having only a one year term would be aggressive in order to conclude a decisive action Carthaginian generals elected for an open term could dictate the pace and style of the conflict and the Romans could do little about it As it turns out during the Second Punic War a change to a temporary autocrat which was allowed by the Roman constitution during an extreme crisis would allow Rome to pursue longer term strategies against Hannibal and emerge victoriousIn the wake of the First Punic War Carthage underwent a political transformation that no longer balanced aristocratic oligarchic and democratic factions in the manner that Aristotle had admired Foreign policy now became an extension of the factional struggles within and outside the government or even carried out by the military with the government along for the ride Regarding Hannibal the Roman historian Cassius Dio would so astutely point out He was not sent forth in the beginning by the magistrates at home nor later did he obtain any great assistance from them For although they were to enjoy no slight glory and benefit from his efforts they wished rather not to appear to be leaving him in the lurch than to cooperate effectively in any enterprise Miles also reviews how ancient historians covered the Punic Wars and how their biases and mistaken assumptions are reflected in their work Polybius for example visits the area surrounding the Alps and interviews the locals before writing off Hannibal s mountain crossing as an ordinary occurrence Polybius fails to take into account that the locals he interviewed were Roman settlers relocated after the Second Punic War instead of the Celts that fought Hannibal before he even made it to the Alps There were writers such as Philinus a Sicilian Greek who were sympathetic to Carthage and their views would provide a little influence over later historians Miles makes a convincing display regarding the propaganda used during the conflicts most notably by Hannibal and its effectiveness both at the time and echoed later But Rome as the winner would be able to shape not just the history of Carthage but also their pre history through the works of Roman epic poets The Punic Wars became cast as divinely ordained battles tied to Rome s and Carthage s founding The Aeneas legend was well in place before Virgil but Miles shows how The Aeneid added dramatic flair in addition to fashioning a new Rome under AugustusMiles makes clear that a constant presence throughout this book is the great hero Heracles or Hercules While Heracles was associated with the Punic god Melart and Hannibal chose Heracles Melart as the figurehead of his campaigns the importance of this tie in can feel overstated at times I understand where Miles was going with this approach and agree with many aspects of it but the Heracles presence or influence works symbolically than practically and to be fair Miles notes this on some of his tie ins Also I wanted to note that anyone wanting a history of Rome or a detailed military history should go elsewhere Carthage Must Be Destroyed is truly about the rise and fall of that ancient civilization and while Rome and the battles are given adeuate detail and background the amount included is appropriate for focusing on Carthage s history While mentioning that Carthage featured prominently in Roman literature and history throughout antiuity and providing several of the famous or maybe accessible examples I would have loved to seen even instances the footnote on this uote points to another book of his which I may have to seekI ll close with the book s concluding paragraphs with a couple of publishing typos fixed which look at the role Carthage played in Rome s development points that Miles supports throughout the book It is impossible to assess the debt that Rome owed to Carthage with the same confidence as for the debt to Greece We can clearly trace the impact of Greek art science literature etc on Roman culture indeed educated Romans were often happy to acknowledge that influence Carthage however was afforded no such place in the Roman cultural canon This had little to do with any lack of originality but was at least partly the result of the phenomenal success that the Greeks had in claiming sole ownership of advances that had in fact been the result of centuries of exchange and cross fertilization The cultural marginalization of Carthage was a Greek achievement the city s destruction a Roman one Carthage did however play an important role in the development of the Roman Empire Rome hugely benefited from the appropriation of the economic and political infrastructure that Carthage had previously put in place in the central and western Mediterranean In Sardinia Sicily North Africa and Spain the Romans inherited not wild virgin lands but a politically economically and culturally joined up world which was Carthage s greatest achievement Less tangible but eually important was the key role that Carthage played in the creation of a Roman national character The brutal destruction of the city gave the Romans the freedom to transform Carthage into the villainous antitype against which the Roman virtues of faithfulness piety and duty could be applauded As long as the Romans needed proof of their greatness the memory of Carthage would never die

Richard Miles Ë 8 summary

summary Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Before the Carthaginians finally succumbed and their capital city history and culture were almost utterly erased Drawing on a wealth of new archaeological research Richard Miles brings to life this lost empire from its origins among the Phoenician settlements of Lebanon. The title refers to a famous uote of Cato the Elder a Roman statesman about the threat to Rome from Carthage The book is a case study of the rise and fall of Carthage It is very thorough and mostly interesting There are several nice lines in the book One of the interesting is that Carthage was important as an opponent to Rome and the conflictual history with Carthage forced the Roman state to mature in order to survive and thus contributed to the long period of Roman dominance under the Empire Another line of thinking that I had not appreciated until now was the role of ideology in the wars between Carthage and Rome which Gods were triumphant and how did these states adapted the array of gods in an area to serve their needs Another interesting line is the complex politics within these states Both Rome and Carthage were far from monolithic actors and understanding the politics was critical for success Indeed this point is made concerning Hannibal and his ineffectiveness in following up on his military triumphs The ability of the winners in a conflict to write the official history is also clearly brought across in the narrative Finally Miles does a good job covering Hannibal and Scipio and brilliant tactical generals and key battles such as Cannae are well coveredOn its weaker side the book seems a bit willing to digress in order to fill in detail and lengthen the page count Given the lack of common familiarity with ancient African Roman and pre Roman history I am sympathetic to the author s efforts to inform and provide background and the book is fairly successful at this

  • Hardcover
  • 521
  • Carthage Must Be Destroyed The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization
  • Richard Miles
  • English
  • 20 July 2019
  • 9780670022663