EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade


  • Hardcover
  • 575
  • Crimea The Last Crusade
  • Orlando Figes
  • English
  • 21 June 2020
  • 9780713997040

Orlando Figes ó 5 Read & Download

Orlando Figes ó 5 Read & Download Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando Figes Read Crimea The Last Crusade The terrible conflict that dominated the mid 19th century the Crimean War killed at least 800000 men and pitted Russia against a formidable coalition of Britain France and the Ottoman Empire It was a war for territory provoked by fear that if the Ottoman Empire were to collapse then Russia could control a huge swathe of land from the Balkans to the Persian Gulf But it was also a war of religion driven by a fervent populist and ever ferocious belief by the Tsar and his ministers that it was Russia’s task to. This book began rather slowly for me but I soon became engrossed in Figes narrative of this somewhat forgotten war which claimed so many lives for so little I have always been fascinated by the Crimean War and this book added to my knowledge as the author had access to sources not previously available to other authors It was a war of incompetent leadership missed opportunities outdated military tactics and rampant disease Much mystiue and legend regarding the war has grown over the years based solely on the suicidal charge of the Light Brigade a perfect example of the miscommunication and lack of military leadership so prevalent in the Crimea The author gives eual attention to the battles of Inkerman the river Alma and the siege of Sevastopol which were of much importance than the infamous charge Highly recommended for the lover of military history False Pretences years based solely on the suicidal charge of the Light Brigade a perfect example of the miscommunication and lack of military leadership so prevalent in the Crimea The author gives eual attention to the battles of Inkerman the river Alma and the siege of Sevastopol which were of much importance than the infamous charge Highly recommended for the lover of military history

Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando FigesCrimea The Last Crusade

Orlando Figes ó 5 Read & Download Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando Figes Read Crimea The Last Crusade Rule all Orthodox Christians and control the Holy Land Orlando Figes’ major new book reimagines this extraordinary war in which the stakes could not have been higher and which was fought with a terrible mixture of ferocity and incompetence It was both a recognisably modern conflict the first to be extensively photographed the first to employ the telegraph the first ‘newspaper war’ and a traditional one with illiterate soldiers amateur officers and huge casualties caused by disease The iconic moments o. A comprehensive history of the war with excellent chapters on the aftermath in world politics and national identityon the aftermath of the war The Crimean War reinforced in Russia a long felt sense of resentment against Europe There was a feeling of betrayal that the West had sided with the Turks against Russia It was the first time in history that a European alliance had fought on the side of a Muslim power against another Christian state in a major war All around the Black Sea rim the Crimean War resulted in the uprooting and transmigration of ethnic and religious groups They crossed in both directions over the religious line separating Russia from the Muslim world But if the Paris treaty made few immediate changes to the European map it marked a crucial watershed for international relations and politics effectively ending the old balance of power in which Austria and Russia had controlled the Continent between themselves and forging new alignments that would pave the way for the emergence of nation states in Italy Romania and Germany The Crimean War provides a thorough and engaging explanation of the causes and course of the war It also lays out subseuent events that were precipitated by its peace settlement as well as by unsettled issues and persistent national attitudes Figes s well organized history makes the war seem like the essential pivot point between the Treaty of Vienna after the Napoleonic Wars and the start of WWI I recommend it very highlyFiges decides the most important causes of the conflict were a Russian religious fervor to put all Orthodox believers under jurisdiction of Christian nations if possible Russia itself and the western European Russophobia that feared the Bear would persist in the expansionist phase started by Catherine the Great until it reached India and gobbled up eastern Europe The critical players were Nicholas I of Russia growing increasingly unstable and the British prime minister Palmerston But there were hosts of players on the diplomatic field in the years leading up to hostilities Turcophile Englishmen like Uruart and Canning Emperor Napoleon of France who needed legitimization and was thinking strategically to future moves regarding Italian unification pan Slavic activists in the Balkans Polish exiles etc etc Figes is meticulous in identifying the motives and communications among these groupsThe war itself could probably have been avoided but in Figes s view the role of the press in forming fervent pro war public opinion made this the first modern war in that sense The British public was bombarded with scare stories about the Russians so that cooler heads in the cabinet were forced into a position they didn t want to be in On the other side Nicholas and his successor Alexander were stubborn throughout It was also a modern war in the need for decision making power to filter down to smaller units the use of steamships and longer range riflesThe descriptions of the war itself are horrifying The British effort was criminally disorganized The soldiers lived in indescribable conditions particularly during the winter The French did much better and in fact carried on the bulk of the fighting they were primarily responsible for the victory such as it was All sent stupefying numbers of men into sure death storming enemy strong points But many many died of diseaseAnd then there were the filthy hospitals and the arrival of Florence Nightingale She was not the only one to save lives there is a nice portrait of a pioneering Russian surgeon Nikolai PirogovBut Figes finest achievement is showing how the war and the peace terms altered the geopolitics of the region In particular there were mass relocations of ethnic groups based on religion that affected the Balkans especially France was in the ascendant again after its post Napoleonic second tier position and Britain s reputation suffered Russia felt abused by the western powers and took Sebastopol as the epitome of the absolute dedication of citizen to country willing to die for Russia whether in 1812 1857 or eventually in the siege of LeningradMy reading notes The Charge of the Light Brigade was caused by garbled instructions and personal dislike among the officers but it actually helped turned the tide of the battle I had thought it was futile None of the combatants could justify the war with the real reason they were fighting they all needed cover stories Early on Turkish soldiers arrived to help the allies but the allies ordered them forward without provisions or rest and what provisions they got were not halal so they could not eat They carried out a reasonable retreat were berated and treated terribly for the rest of the war How often both the Russians and the allies lost a chance to end the war by failing to pursue an enemy in retreatAgain an extremely useful book I am not a historian so I have no way to judge how balanced a picture Figes paints but in comparison to Paul Johnson s The Birth of the Modern which I m also reading and which has a blatant conservative slant this seems even This book is very well written an immense amount of material is just where it ought to be There are useful maps and fascinating plates that reflect the first war with photographic evidence war correspondents and fairly rapid communication from front to capitols

Read Crimea The Last Crusade

Orlando Figes ó 5 Read & Download Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando Figes Read Crimea The Last Crusade F the war the Charge of the Light Brigade the Siege of Sebastopol the impact of Florence Nightingale are all here but there is also a rich sense of the Crimea itself and the culture that was destroyed by the fighting Drawing on a huge range of fascinating sources Figes also gives the lived experience of the war from that of the ordinary British soldier in his snow filled trench to the haunted gloomy narrow figure of Tsar Nicholas himself as he vows to take on the whole world in his hunt for religious salvati. A solid well written general history of the Crimean WarFiges describes the history of the war from all sides and his coverage of the war s origins is particularly strong Although many of the wars after the Napoleonic era seemed like minor affairs Figes stresses that the Crimean War was most definitely not and he rams home the huge amount of casualties among combatants and civilians how primitive the Russian war effort could be and how amateurish the British could be Figes is not terribly sympathetic to Lord RaglanFiges also ably discusses the war s conseuences describing how it disrupted the post Napoleonic Concert of Europe how Sardinia s role contributed to France s decision to intervene in Italy and how postwar Russia turned to domestic reform and became even suspicious of western Europe Figes also emphasizes the war s status as the first to be brought about by the pressure of the press and by public opinion Some and better maps would have helped though and Figes coverage of events in the Baltic Anatolia and the Caucasus might strike some as relatively sparse Also Figes writes that the Austro Hungarians were in constant retreat in the Balkans they were The military operations take up only about a third of the narrative and Figes doesn t always provide much analysis or explanation here Figes also writes that the war was the first total war but this argument seems underdeveloped He also argues that millet system contributed to the Ottomans decline although the replacement of the millet system with nationalism seems plausible Elsewhere Figes writes that the war was primarily religious but the rhetoric of the time wasn t terribly uniue and it does seem like empire and the Eastern uestion were significant He also argues that public opinion was a major factor in the war s origins which might be true for Britain probably less so in FranceA balanced insightful and engaging history


10 thoughts on “EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade

  1. says: EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade

    EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando Figes Read Crimea The Last Crusade Excellent This is actually three books The first one up to p 140 or so is about the origins of the Crimean war At the Church of the H

  2. says: Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando Figes Orlando Figes ó 5 Read & Download Read Crimea The Last Crusade

    EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade This book began rather slowly for me but I soon became engrossed in Figes' narrative of this somewhat forgotten war which claimed so many lives for so little I have always been fascinated by the Crimean War and this book added to my knowledge as the author had access to sources not previously available to other authors I

  3. says: Read Crimea The Last Crusade EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade Orlando Figes ó 5 Read & Download

    Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando Figes Orlando Figes ó 5 Read & Download Read Crimea The Last Crusade The Crimean War A History by Orlando Figes is a large history of the Crimean War between Russia on one side and France Britain and the Ottoman Empire on the other The war began over religious scuffling between Catholic and G

  4. says: EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade

    EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade It’s Good Friday April 10 1846 Jerusalem is packed with pilgrims on an Easter weekend that happened to fall on the same date in both the Latin and Orthodox calendars The mood is tense The two religious communities had been arguing over who has the right to be first to carry out the rituals at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre on

  5. says: Orlando Figes ó 5 Read & Download Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando Figes EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade

    EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade A comprehensive history of the war with excellent chapters on the aftermath in world politics and national identityon the aftermath of the war The Crimean War reinforced in Russia a long felt sense of resentment against Europe There was a feeling of betrayal that the West had sided with the Turks against Russia I

  6. says: EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade

    EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade In this history of the Crimean War by Orlando Figes the fighting does not begin until about a third of the way into the book This is not a weakness however because understanding the events that led to the war is e

  7. says: EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade

    Read Crimea The Last Crusade EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando Figes To look into given the recent developmentsOrlando Figes is a somewhat disgraced author however I would still like a flick through this May 2014 President Putin's visit to Crimea was welcomed there but criticised

  8. says: Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando Figes Orlando Figes ó 5 Read & Download Read Crimea The Last Crusade

    EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade A complete book on the Crimean War that starts from far behind to reveal all its causes and continues to provide a wealth of information on every aspect of this conflict Interestingly the author does this in a way

  9. says: Orlando Figes ó 5 Read & Download Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando Figes EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade

    EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade A solid well written general history of the Crimean WarFiges describes the history of the war from all sides and his coverage of the war’s origins is particularly strong Although many of the wars after the Napoleonic era seemed like minor affairs Figes stresses that the Crimean War was most definitely not and he rams home the huge amount of casualties among combatants and civilians how primitive the Russian war effort could be

  10. says: EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade

    Read Crimea The Last Crusade EBOOK Crimea The Last Crusade Free read É PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ó Orlando Figes I strongly recommend this book to anyone who has any interest in current conflict in UkraineCrimea who wants to understand historical geopolitical and political roots of idiotic modern strife between Russia and the West an

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